Utilitarianism heart transplant

In the comment section, konshtok wondered: what am I missing? Utility and Rights, Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.

consequentialism and utilitarianism

A bioethicist may use counseling and negotiation skills in interventions with staff, patients and families.

These critics assume that the principle of utility is supposed to be used as a decision procedure or guide, that is, as a method that agents consciously apply to acts in advance to help them make decisions.

On the other hand I do believe that governments are capable of enacting utilitarian policies, with one notable exception.

arguments for utilitarianism

Now, if we assume that an act must be such a proximate cause of a harm in order for that harm to be a consequence of that act, then consequentialists can claim that the moral rightness of that act is determined only by such proximate consequences. Policy formulation may be a necessary part of resolving an issue and the process may include consultation with the various stakeholders in the health care and wider communities.

Many other factors might be included in an allocation policy not because they promote utility, but because it appears necessary to treat potential recipients fairly by giving everyone an equal opportunity to receive an organ when they are in need.

Allocation policies should strive to incorporate an appropriate combination of these principles, giving equal consideration to utility and justice, while incorporating the fundamental aspects of respect for persons. Character and Consequentialism, Special Issue of Utilitas, 13 2.

utilitarianism examples

Introduction: The following report contains a summary of the arguments for and against the commercialization of transplants found in the research. As examples, a small increase in utility may in some circumstances require monumental injustices and violations of autonomy, and a modest gain in terms of justice or autonomy may require enormous costs in terms of utility.

Utilitarianism organ harvesting

While waiting for a liver transplant, this person gets sicker and sicker. This means that it is unacceptable for an allocation policy to strive single-mindedly to maximize aggregate medical good without any consideration of justice in distribution of the good, or conversely for a policy to be single-minded about promoting justice at the expense of the overall medical good. With the above objections thus neutralized, it follows naturally that the utilitarian view of the transplant surgeon case advises executing the operation, and the intuitive objection to this stems merely from non-substantive psychological sources. Normative Ethics, Boulder: Westview. He found that giving a liver to the ALF patient resulted in harms to the others on the waiting list that cumulatively outweighed the benefit of transplantation for the ALF patient. A resolution is usually achieved through consultation with the patient, family and transplant team, in which case details are openly discussed and reflected on within the strictures of confidentiality. See also Kagan , 48— The principles involved are essentially the same as those that apply to other areas of human conduct. But then is it wrong for a paramedic to perform triage and devote his efforts to saving one moderately-wounded crash victim while another one, near death, is ignored? This is a very human way to think. Moreover, the argument assumes that the original list is complete. Martinich and D. The concept of respect for autonomy holds that actions or practices tend to be right insofar as they respect or reflect the exercise of self-determination.
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The Utilitarian Theory of Organ Donation Essay