The question of limits of medical science in the novel flowers for algernon by daniel keyes

The evolving Charlie is losing many of the character strengths that the original Charlie once possessed, one of which is trust.

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Charlie draws the conclusion that education is learning that "the things you believed in all your life aren't true, and that nothing is what it appears to be. In the book, Flowers for Algernon, by Daniel Keyes, this particular operation was performed on a patient named Charlie Gordon.

The postoperative sleep learning he undergoes to increase his store of factual knowledge also triggers his recovery of long-suppressed memories. Alongside the pleasure that Charlie begins to derive from intellectual learning, he finds himself faced by the duel challenges of facing up to an understanding of the neglect and contempt he encountered in his past, and of negotiating changes in his relationships with friends and family.

But despite his genius-level IQ and newfound personal freedom, his sense of isolation increases. After graduation, Keyes worked briefly as an associate editor for the magazine Marvel Science Fiction while pursuing his own writing career; he later taught high school English in Brooklyn.

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I, edited by Robert Silverberg, is a anthology of classic science fiction stories which contains Keyes's original short story version of "Flowers for Algernon. The sad state of Charlie's life prior to the surgery is made clear when Joe Carp and Frank Reilly, whom Charlie regards as his friends, take him out to a bar, get him drunk, make fun of him, and leave him to find his way home. While the novel does not specifically take an anti-technology stance, it does make clear the limitations of technology as a "quick fix" to human problems—Charlie's operation is, ultimately, a failure in that he does not remain a genius. But Charlie's mother, Rose, denied that there was anything "wrong" with him and beat him when he was unable to learn like other children. After the operation, he is discriminated against in a different way, as ordinary people shun him and the scientists who raised his IQ treat him as little more than another laboratory specimen. Eventually, his coworkers at the bakery are so unnerved by his unexplained changes that they sign a petition demanding that he be fired. Charlie makes the argument for polygamy with some ounce of sarcasm because he realizes that he has only ever truly been in love with Alice. From a position of uncomplicated faith in the architects of his experimental treatment, he begins to question their prejudices about the nature and value of his previous life, their motives for the experiment, and even their competence to manage its implications. Keyes thus places the novel's emphasis on psychology firmly within the tradition of Freudian analysis, which sees human motivation as stemming largely from unconscious desires which are often traceable to childhood experiences and which frequently center on sex. The striking contrasts between the earlier and later entries, both in style and content, dramatize both the changes Charlie undergoes and the obstacles he must overcome. It's in the kitchen. His memories are kicking in, and he now has the ability to understand them. Most importantly, he begins to achieve a more mature insight into his own nature and that of other people. Im glad I got a second chanse in life like you said to be smart because I lerned alot of things that I never even new were in this werld and Im grateful I saw it all even for a littel bit. The evolving Charlie is capable of watching his recovered memories as an onlooker and incorporating them into his life's history.

Boy if I get smart wont he be serprised. Friends that would talk to him, care about him and even take him to the bar for a beer once in a while, but it was these same "friends" who showed their true colours once he had braved the operating table.

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Flowers for Algernon