Political parties essay conclusion
Origin of political parties
In between the two general elections, the pressure groups oversee the activities of the government and catch the government on the wrong leg. Both authors focus in particular on how parties operate as organizations and with what effects. This factor is responsible in reducing the party-men into blind followers of the party bosses. The United States has gone through several party systems , each of which has been essentially two-party in nature. Second, parties are less successful in integrating interests. In New Zealand, Tokelau has a nonpartisan parliament. In the second category of countries we get the multi-party system. Thus we find that pressure group is a game of limited over and has only some specific interests and avoids to walk into bigger political game. Rose, Richard. Table 1 presents an overview of the functions that several authors have ascribed to parties. Katz, Richard S. Scarrow, 37— There is a smooth transition of power when one government falls. The administration of George Washington and the first few sessions of the United States Congress were nonpartisan.
More commonly, in cases where there are three or more parties, no one party is likely to gain power alone, and parties have to work with each other to form coalition governments. When the Whig Party fell apart in the mids, its position as a major U.
Third, over institutionalization broadens the gap between citizens and parties. Scarrow, 91— They split the nation into several irreconcilable camps. Nonpartisan elections and modes of governance are common outside of state institutions.
These are stated below: In the first place, a political party is vast in size, mechanism and sphere of activities. Second, there is the risk of inferring the existence of a party from the presence of the consequences—a general critique of functionalism. Conclusion: Political parties have merits and demerits.
A party will thus be defined here as an organized group of people who select candidates for parliament or government by participating in elections.
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