Ethical issues surrounding the scientific cloning of organisms
Google Scholar Sen, A. Buchanan, Brock, Daniels and Wikler proposed, however, that with all the new opportunities provided by advances in gene technology, we could actually change the premises by developing our genetic and biological constitution in a beneficial and responsible way.
Google Scholar Krimsky, S. Conflict of interest statement The authors have no potential conflicts of interest. Google Scholar Doyle, D.
Although it possesses some potential for developing into a full human being, this capacity is very limited. Background Cloning in science and science fiction Cloning in the context of medicine, biotechnology and molecular biology means the production of entities, individuals and populations that are genetically identical or near identical with the original organism or part of an organism from which they are derived.
Ethics of human cloning pdf
Utilitarians can argue, and many did just after Dolly, that cloning human beings by nuclear transfer is, for the time being, too dangerous, and that we should not attempt it before we know more about the process. But therapeutic cloning remains totally unacceptable to such people because it involves the deliberate creation of what they deem to be a human being in order to destroy it. For them, such research is equivalent to killing a living child in order to harvest its organs for the benefit of others. Most members of our advisory board did not agree. Habermas thinks that with cloning and genetic engineering this would change. After Dolly, scientists have cloned at least cows, mice, rats, goats, pigs, rabbits, cats, horses and dogs by the same method, largely without a raised eyebrow. Holland and A.
This suggested that scientists could also clone, and possibly enhance, human beings. Sources of data This survey examines ethical literature on cloning since the s. The need to obtain a supply of human eggs leads to one of the most sensitive ethical issues cloning research.
Ethical issues in animal cloning ppt
For them, such research is equivalent to killing a living child in order to harvest its organs for the benefit of others. Research on human embryos, including nuclear transfer clones, is widely allowed for fourteen days after conception; and the subsequent cultivation and scientific and therapeutic use of human embryonic stem cells is in most countries not all 18 accepted. The way forward The arguments for and against cloning, especially the reproductive cloning of human beings by somatic cell nuclear transfer, have not evolved since the — debates that followed the birth of Dolly. Google Scholar Copyright information. Google Scholar Raeburn, P. As long as we recognize that not everything is in our control, we remain committed to mutual help. In responding to these concerns, members of the board took note of two facts. In the end, we concluded that it would be unduly paternalistic to prohibit women from donating eggs for this research. The task of the theories has been to work out fair, equitable, sensitive, and effective ways of distributing and redistributing well-being, liberties, rights, and obligations within the limits set by the unchangeable human nature.
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