This leads to a conditioned response of relief from hunger and the formation of an attachment, as the child learns to associate the mother with feelings of relief and happiness. The primary caregiver is now the conditioned stimulus and pleasure is now the conditioned response.
Over time, as an association is formed, the food-giver becomes a source of pleasure regardless of whether they provide food or not. Operant conditioning was first investigated by Skinner and then further investigated by Dollard and Miller in regard of attachment and drive reduction theory which describes something that motivates behaviour.
The case of Little Albert shows that classical conditioning is the process by which we learn a variety of behaviours. Classical conditioning was firstly investigated by Pavlov in This creates an opportunity for the carer to become associated with the removal of unpleasant feeling of hunger.
The main assumption is that behaviour is learnt through association for example, we learn to respond to new events and people in the same way as we already respond to other events.
Try and write it in around 12 minutes - the exam is slightly more than a mark a minute, you don't want to spend too long on it and not have enough time to do the other questions.
However, the monkey study was conducted on monkeys and it could be argued that this is not an accurate representation of human attachment. Any developmental theory is expected to be related to a common view of emotion.
Attachment has now been learned.