Drug court research paper
Goldkamp, J. Roman, J.
A post-plea decision to enter drug court usually involves a suspended sentence pending successful completion of the treatment program Gottfredson et al.
Goals and Objectives The goals of drug courts are to reduce substance use and to reduce recidivism Goldkamp et al. Brown, R.
Drug court policy
Yet, few studies have examined attitudes among court personnel or compared beliefs among different types of personnel. Criminal Justice Policy and Planning 4th Ed. However, it does seem that drug courts are significantly cheaper than incarceration regardless of the location. Most of the studies tend to be retrospective and to have some difficulty finding accurate records for all past drug court participants. Drug courts: Adult criminal justice. Brown, R. Reducing Substance Use Like the recidivism results above, drug courts to appear to be effective in preventing further substance abuse. Getting inside the drug court black box. Target Population For most drug courts, the target population is offenders who are being charged with a substance-involved offense Mitchell et al. Drug court participants are often first-time offenders, frequently juveniles, but are sometimes chosen due to a history of substance-involved offenses.
However, it should also be noted that at least one study found that drug court participants were not always participating in certified or empirically proven treatments. As yet, there is no scientific evidence that acupuncture is an effective treatment for substance abuse or crime.
Participants who were required to take more drug tests each month were more likely to stay in treatment and to fulfill the conditions of the drug court Turner et al.
Drug court requirements
Graduates have lower rates of recidivism and substance use, and the treatment is far more cost effective than incarceration. In the first decade of the 21st Century, many studies of drug courts were conducted. Recidivism rates for drug court graduates: nationally based estimates. The first phase is stabilization, which may involve treatment for medical or psychological disorders in addition to detoxification from substances. A decade of drug treatment court research. This includes the cost of police, court, prison, probation and parole services. Lowenkamp, C. Evidence-Based Treatment Methods Status hearings with the judge contribute to behavior modification using the principles of operant learning, which include reinforcement through punishment and reward Goldkamp et al. The second stage is intensive treatment, which usually lasts for several months, up to a year. Unfortunately, there is no centralized record keeping for drug courts, making it very difficult to know exactly how many people attend drug courts each year. Approximately half of drug court participants complete the full course of treatment Mitchell et al. As yet, there is no scientific evidence that acupuncture is an effective treatment for substance abuse or crime. Most drug courts involve three phases of treatment Mitchell et al. Monitoring Compliance In addition to frequent hearings, drug court participants are required to submit to frequent urinalysis. Drug courts were designed to put treatment and rehabilitation ahead of punishment.
This paper will review the current research on drug court effectiveness to determine whether these courts meet the dual goals of saving money while lowering rates of recidivism and substance use.
Younger, white, female participants with moderate levels of addiction tended to have better outcomes than older, male, minority participants with severe addictions Lowenkamp et al. However, drug courts in which most participants had prior criminal records performed better than those with all first-time offenders.
A randomized study design, in which qualified candidates are randomly selected for the treatment and control groups, would control for these external factors and provide additional support for the finding that drug courts are effective.
They are based on a psychosocial theory of crime as something that can be treated Brown, Created on.
based on 72 review