Doing gender west and zimmerman summary

Because individuals' gender will be interpreted based on the accountability structure, the effectiveness of their resistance may not serve to "undo" gender.

What are examples of doing gender that you see every day

There are other areas that gender roles and differences stem from, "some researchers suggest that gender differences result from a variety of factors including socialization and biology…gender roles are often manifested through communication and culture Goffman, ; Lauzen et al. Concept[ edit ] The concept of "doing" gender came from conversations of gender from sociology and gender studies. Francine M. In the above example, the woman is engaging in behavior that will be assessed as either masculine or feminine by her co-workers. Deviations from these expectations do not have an immediate effect on the accountability structure itself. Both brides are wearing traditional white wedding gowns. Immersed in Suburbia. Deutsch uses examples of studies that use West and Zimmerman's work to illustrate how normative gender ideals are apparent in a variety of contexts. They are constructed in nature, and reinforce the notion that gender is an "essential" read: fixed characteristic. Deutsch, in "Undoing Gender" , examines how the concept of doing gender has been employed in research.

The authors also argue that to fully appreciate what is involved in asserting gender as a fundamental guiding principle embedded in all aspects of everyday interaction, three analytically distinct yet empirically overlapping concepts must be distinguished clearly.

This, she argues, contributes to the invisibility of gender transgression and does not work towards West and Zimmerman's goal of eliminating gender inequity. A production.

Socialization vs doing gender

Lauzen and colleagues examined gender roles in television, "they found male characters on prime time television were more likely to inhabit work roles, including blue collar, white collar, and extracurricular activities, while women were portrayed in more interpersonal roles involving romance, friendship, and family. Francine M. They begin by differentiating sex from sex category and gender. For instance, colleagues may interact in a gendered manner during their lunch hour, rather than while they are working together on a project. The authors write: "And note, to "do" gender is not always to live up to normative conceptions of femininity or masculinity; it is to engage in behavior at the risk of gender assessment" p. Social movements like feminism can be the impetus to start questioning the gender order and arrangements, however legislative changes like Equal Rights Amendments can weaken the requirements to abide to sex-typed gendered conduct. We do gender in interaction. However, these performances are optional and vulnerable to disturbance, as inappropriate gender display can just as easily be invoked as socially accepted ones. In this, they argued, the doing gender framework does not hide agency, but contextualizes it. Sex category is the assumed biological category, regardless of the individual's gender identification. They are constructed in nature, and reinforce the notion that gender is an "essential" read: fixed characteristic. It is not merely a role, for while roles are situated identities, gender is a master identity that cut across situations. The influence of language and the significance it has often communicated over media and the gender categories people use to place gender roles in, may change or add new categories.

Nine short articles were composed for the symposium, including a piece by West and Zimmerman. Other authors argued that biology needed to be focused on when considering doing gender, in order to understand what role the body plays in gender assessment.

Doing gender west and zimmerman summary

However, institutional arrangements, although gendered in perception, don't necessarily face the same sanctions. The authors call these situations as "resources" for doing gender.

Doing gender class activity

In their article, West and Zimmerman use examples such as bathrooms, sports, coupling, conversations, professions and the might have been[ clarification needed ] division of labor to illustrate the ways in which gender is prevalent in many taken for granted activities. Because of this, social change cannot just occur at one level, but instead at both the institutional and cultural level of sex category and at the interactional level of gender. Once again, gender is so fundamental that any type of social interactions and activities are potentially subject to "doing gender" - that is, making one's actions accountable in terms of their appropriateness to sex category. Differences between men and women are crafted: they are not natural, essential, or biological. It is not merely a role, for while roles are situated identities, gender is a master identity that cut across situations. Think of many weddings you've been to: all eyes are on the bride. There are other areas that gender roles and differences stem from, "some researchers suggest that gender differences result from a variety of factors including socialization and biology…gender roles are often manifested through communication and culture Goffman, ; Lauzen et al. When individuals do not do gender 'appropriately', we are called out on it. Other authors argued that biology needed to be focused on when considering doing gender, in order to understand what role the body plays in gender assessment. Proscriptive expectations for gendered behaviour are sanctioned and policed. With this theory, West and Zimmerman stress the importance of social interaction in maintaining the gender structure.

In this piece, sex is the socially agreed upon criteria for being male or female, usually based on and individual's genitalia at birth or chromosomal typing before birth.

Social movements like feminism can be the impetus to start questioning the gender order and arrangements, however legislative changes like Equal Rights Amendments can weaken the requirements to abide to sex-typed gendered conduct. When individuals do not do gender 'appropriately', we are called out on it.

Several authors argued that the doing gender framework did not allow for agency, intent or consciousness. By focusing on these areas, Deutsch asserts, it is easier to find practical solutions to problems cause by gender inequity.

He coins the term "gender display" as a way to conceptualize the ways in which individuals act in a gender appropriate manner.

rewards for doing gender appropriately

The way gender is expressed and perceived by audiences varies from culture to culture.

Rated 8/10 based on 74 review
Download
Creative Sociology: Doing Gender