An introduction to the history of the baroque style of painting

Baroque art characteristics

The cartouche was another characteristic feature of baroque decoration. The chiaroscuro technique refers to the interplay between light and dark that was often used in Baroque paintings of dimly lit scenes to produce a very high-contrast, dramatic atmosphere. Today, when someone uses the word "baroque" to describe something, they usually mean that the object is overly ornate and complex. When was the Baroque style popular? See, for instance, the Gobelins tapestry factory, of which he was director. Annibale Carracci - Along with Caravaggio, Carracci is considered one of the founding fathers of this artistic movement. Baroque architecture was designed to create spectacle and illusion. Borromini designed the illusion with the assistance of a mathematician. He influenced artists such as Ingres and Paul Cezanne. Subsequently the word came to denote any contorted idea or involuted process of thought. The Baroque period is, historically, the period of the Counter-Reformation, of the creation of the Absolute Monarchy and the consolidation of the Modern State, the period of the birth of Modern Philosophy with Descartes' rationalism and epistemological subjectivism and with the "tragic" thinking of the "existentialist" Pascal. This light-hearted style soon enveloped architecture, all forms of interior decoration, furniture, painting, sculpture and porcelain design.

When was the Baroque style popular? The ceiling is actually flat, but Pozzo uses the drawing technique of foreshortening to make it appear as if the walls of the church continue to rise until the opening at the top to the sky.

baroque period music

By comparison, Baroque art in Protestant areas like Holland had far less religious content, and instead was designed essentially to appeal to the growing aspirations of the merchant and middle classes. The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpturepainting, architecture, literature, dance, and music.

As the primary sculptor during the Baroque period, Bernini is recognized for his ability to portray narrative tension by combining classical forms and technique with attention to emotion and movement.

In France, the philosophy of the 17th Century is called "classical", a designation that, indeed, corresponds to some of the specific forms that the Baroque takes in French culture and in French art in the period.

Along with this monumental, high-minded approach, painters typically portrayed a strong sense of movement, using swirling spirals and upward diagonals, and strong sumptuous colour schemes, in order to dazzle and surprise. Nicolas Poussin - A French painter whose paintings were in both the classical and baroque style.

After the idealism of the Renaissance c.

Rococo art

The later Baroque style was termed Rococo , a style characterized by increasingly decorative and elaborate works. Peter's Basilica in Rome. We know, however, that the Baroque period in the arts started before the year and extended beyond the end of the century. The altar is placed in the nave beneath the central dome, and surrounded by chapels, Light comes down from the dome above and from the surrounding chapels. For a detailed discussion of this phenomenon, see Rembrandt van Rijn. By the last decades of the 16th century the refined, courtly style known as Mannerism had ceased to be an effective means of expression, and its inadequacy for religious art was being increasingly felt in artistic circles. The Baroque period is, historically, the period of the Counter-Reformation, of the creation of the Absolute Monarchy and the consolidation of the Modern State, the period of the birth of Modern Philosophy with Descartes' rationalism and epistemological subjectivism and with the "tragic" thinking of the "existentialist" Pascal. The popularity of the Baroque style was encouraged by the Catholic Church, which had decided at the Council of Trent that the arts should communicate religious themes and direct emotional involvement in response to the Protestant Reformation. The culmination of the movement was the High Baroque c.

The first phase of the Counter-Reformation had imposed a severe, academic style on religious architecture, which had appealed to intellectuals but not the mass of churchgoers.

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Baroque Art: Definition, Styles, History