Having learned the rudiments of reading and writing from his aunt,4 catechism, Spanish, and the fundamentals of arithmetic from his mother, Quezon studied religion, history, grammar, Latin, and geography in under the Franciscan parish priest, Teodoro Fernandez.
Face-saving is the dominant note in the confused symphony of his existence. The Philippine flag itself was the product of evolution, incorporating colors and symbols from the independence movements and leaders that came before; and it would be that flag that would be forbidden by the Americans, then grudgingly allowed to be hoisted again; and both flag and anthem would rally Filipinos to reclaim their independence from America and fight for native soil against the Japanese.
I can see none now.
Who is there that can tread the level of loyalty and gallantry exhibited by Gregorio del Pilar who, like a Spartan soldier, offered his life as a holocaust to duty? As I look at the events of these days, I am strengthened more and more in my belief that if we follow this course we should have no fear for our national integrity.
A typewritten earlier version of this can be found in the B. And thus the pride of having its sovereignty recognized ahead of say, India and Indonesia whose colonial rulers had watched prewar independence efforts with hostility motivated by the fear was marred by the irony that those and other colonized countries achieved a later, but perhaps more authentic, independence.
It was in this year that he joined freemasonry. Manuel Nieto, and Serapio D. He is inconstant; he lacks perseverance; the first obstacles baffle him, and he easily admits defeat.