A history of andersonville and elmira prisons during the civil war

While awaiting exchange, prisoners were briefly confined to permanent camps. Andersonville was more than eight times over-capacity at its peak.

Civil war prisoner of war records

In a meeting in , John T. By the time the Civil War ended, more 52, prisoners had passed through Point Lookout, with upwards of 4, succumbing to various illnesses brought on by overcrowding, bad sanitation, exposure, and soiled water. In September , Rebel prisoners totaled 4, men. Thus a navy captain or an army colonel was worth fifteen privates or ordinary seamen, while personnel of equal ranks were exchanged man for man. In addition, Eastman reported that the kitchens could only feed 5, a day and the mess room could only seat 1, men at once. Troops were first housed in rented buildings, but these quickly became overwhelmed when an additional , troops were called for later that year. Wooden grave markers were erected in the pattern of soldiers lining up for inspection. Hill were assigned the task. Hoffman approved of three pavilion wards to be planned at Alexander's suggestion. However, differences over which side would cover expenses for prisoner transportation stymied the negotiations. While the camp now had a hospital, in the form of a tent, it did not have an assigned surgeon and instead relied on the services of William C. John E. Who wrote this essay?

After hearing reports of the horrible conditions Union soldiers faced in Confederate prison camps, he ordered reduced rations in retaliation. Hoffman forced Confederate prisoners to sleep outside in the open while furnishing them with little to no shelter.

Dix and Confederate Maj. This led to many charges that the prison camp was designed from the beginning to be not a prison, but a death camp. Library of Congress Not every experience behind camp walls was the same, however.

Davidson, a captain of the guard detail at the prison, blamed the high mortality rate on the changing weather, water, and manner of living. The agreement also allowed the exchange of non-combatants, such as citizens accused of "disloyalty", and civilian employees of the military, and allowed the informal exchange or parole of captives between the commanders of the opposing forces.

how were prisoners treated during the civil war

OfUnion soldiers held in Confederate prison camps, some 30, died while captive. Prisoners of war suffered enormously in and in both the Union and the Confederacy.

civil war prisons facts
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American Civil War prison camps